As a part of the CapaCITIES project, supported by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), ICLEI South Asia along with other partners initiated source segregation of waste in two wards (Wards No. 1 and Ward No 41) in Udaipur.
In a bid to improve the existing municipal solid waste management practices in the city, Udaipur Municipal Corporation (UMC) has the aim to introduce and institutionalize the process of collection and transportation of segregated waste in the city to meet the provisions of Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016 and also the larger goals of Swachh Bharat Mission.
In order to support the city in its larger objective of sustainable waste management, with a focus on reduction of GHG emissions arising from waste disposal, the CapaCITIES team along with the health department of the UMC, initiated segregation practices in two wards at a pilot scale. The two wards with approximately 3500 households and commercial entities have been chosen in discussion with the UMC. The two wards represent different sections of the city with Ward No 1 being densely populated, with an uneven terrain and comprising majorly of a lower-income group population, while Ward No.41 representing well-planned residential area populated with a higher-income group. As a first step towards the initiative, ICLEI South Asia conducted a recee and preliminary discussion with citizens regarding general practices of waste management in their areas. Following that, a quantification and characterization study of the two wards to assess the quantity of waste being generated and the composition of waste, was undertaken.
Understanding that segregation is the key to any successful waste processing and disposal practice, it has been decided to discuss, sensitize and raise awareness of citizens towards segregation. Under the project, two women from local Self Help Groups (SHGs) have been hired, trained and capacitated to motivate citizens to practice segregation at their household level. Intense dialogues with citizens and one-to-one meetings in the two wards regarding segregation practices were conducted last month by officials from ICLEI South Asia and the ladies from SHGs. Along with citizens, sanitary staff deployed in the two wards were also trained and sensitized. Presently, more than 50% of households in the two wards are segregating waste into two categories i.e wet (primarily kitchen waste) and dry (recyclables and other non-biodegradable waste) and measures are taken to collect and transport waste separately. The two ladies from SHGs are usually on the field monitoring during the time of waste collection waste to ensure that waste is not mixed during transportation.
The CapaCITIES project aims to support the city in designing and implementing a decentralized waste treatment/processing plant for the segregated biodegradable waste that is collected from the two wards.