Bankable Projects Approved in Rajkot
Rajkot lies in an arid zone, monsoons are irregular and erratic. Under such conditions, Rajkot city is depending on local water resources to some extent, but is highly dependent on water from the Narmada canal; this dependence increases to over 90 percent in the dry months as per SCADA records of RMC. The point from where water is sourced from Narmada is 700 km away from the city, leading to high electricity consumption for water pumping. The Gujarat Water Infrastructure Limited (GWIL) spends more than 1,000 million INR per year on electricity to supply water from Narmada source to Rajkot city, leading to around 143million kWh electricity consumption and 117,540 tCO2e of GHG emission. Rainfall results in a higher water table during the monsoon and post-monsoon months. However, the water table declines drastically in the event of low rainfall. The city thus faces severe water scarcity in the non-monsoon months. This study will help identify mechanisms for augmenting both surface and ground water resource, through catchment area management, rain water harvesting and ground water recharge in order to reduce the city’s dependency on Narmada water, thereby providing access to local water sources. Waste water reuse will also contribute to reducing this dependency. This will also lead to availability of water to the city in the dry months, thus reducing the climate vulnerability of the local population and also GHG emissions from the city.
In Rajkot, an anaerobic digester built at Raiya STP is dis-functional at the moment due to leakage, which leads to enormous direct methane emission. It is important to assess the cause of leakage and propose an appropriate technology to arrest the leakage and also ensure that the plant is functional.
The transport sector is the most energy intensive sector in Rajkot, among all urban service sectors. During 2015-16, on road transport accounts for 49% of the total energy consumption and results in 27% of the total GHG emissions in the city. 7,649,868 Giga Joule equivalent of fuel was used, emitting 534,818 tCO2e of GHG emisions in 2015-16. Vehicular congestion, traffic along major roads, and unorganized auto rickshaws result in significant GHG emissions. Rajkot Municipal Corporation has adopted several approaches to promote public transport i.e. Rapid Mass Transit System (RMTS), Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS), and Non-Motorized Transport (NMT); however safe pedestrian and non-motorized access to public transport and improved connectivity between the different modes (existing and envisaged) is yet to be achieved. This study aims to propose solutions for ensuring last mile connectivity to existing and proposed modes of public transit. Based on a demand assessment, the scale and type of last mile connectivity needed to enhance ridership of the BRT system will be proposed. Subsequently, appropriate electric mobility solutions will also be assessed and suggested. There is a significant potential to minimize energy consumption and GHG emissions in the transport sector by increasing the ridership of public transit systems.